Using EOP and Solar Weather Data for Satellite Operations

AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conference
AAS 05-406

Vallado, David A. and T.S. Kelso, "Using EOP and Solar Weather Data for Satellite Operations," presented at the 15th AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conference, Lake Tahoe, CA, 2005 August 7–11.

Abstract

Since the demonstration of the first numerically generated space catalog by the United States Navy in 1997, a new issue exists of how to transition from the two-line element sets (TLEs) to routine use of numerical vectors in satellite flight dynamics operations. This generates some unique challenges. The historical TLE operations used analytically generated datasets which either ignored or approximated the precise coordinate system and force models required to accurately model the satellite. Numerical operations require precise adherence to a coordinate system and specific force models. In particular, the Earth Orientation Parameter (EOP) and space weather data are crucial to proper calculations using numerically generated state vectors. This paper investigates the available data, compares products within and between organizations, and provides a methodology for which data should be used for satellite operations.

Conference Materials

6th US-Russian Space Surveillance Workshop
Session 7.2

Vallado, D.A. and T.S. Kelso, "Using EOP and Space Weather Data for Satellite Operations," presented at the 6th US-Russian Space Surveillance Workshop, St. Petersburg, Russia, 2005 August 22–26.

Abstract

Since the demonstration of the first numerically generated space catalog by the United States Navy in 1997, a new issue exists of how to transition from the two-line element sets (TLEs) to routine use of numerical vectors in satellite flight dynamics operations. This generates some unique challenges. The historical TLE operations used analytically generated datasets which either ignored or approximated the precise coordinate system and force models required to accurately model the satellite. Numerical operations require precise adherence to a coordinate system and specific force models. In particular, the Earth Orientation Parameter (EOP) and space weather data are crucial to proper calculations using numerically generated state vectors. This paper investigates the available data, compares products within and between organizations, and provides a methodology for which data should be used for satellite operations.

Conference Materials


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